Nagapattinam District

Nagapattinam - Temples

HomeTamilNadu Districts Nagapattinam Temples

Nagapattinam - Temples

The district has a large number of temples and many of these are under the management of Hindu Religious and Charitable Endowments Board. Among these, some selected ancient temples are briefly described in the following paragraphs:

The ancient temple of Sri Mayuranathaswamy is situated at Mayuram, a town deriving its name from this renowned temple. The presiding deity is a Swayambu Lingam with consort known as Abhayapradhambikai, Adhayambikai, Anjalanayaki, Anjalai, etc. meaning one who gave refuge to the peahen. The inspiring temple measures 719' x 52' and has a nine-storeyed imposing gopuram, 164 ft. high on the eastern entrance. The ancient temple is said to have been built during the period of the famous Chola kings.

Some renovations were done to the temple about 400 years ago. There are many small shrines here of which three are dedicated to Sri Vinayagar one for Lord Natarajar and the rest to other deities. Navarathri, Adi Pooram, Avani Moolam, Karthigai, Skandha Sashti, Thula Uthsavam in Ayppasi and the Vaikasi Brahmothsavam are the regular annual festivals celebrated attracting thousands and thousands of pilgrims. The head of the Thiruvaduthurai Adheenam who is the hereditary Trustee of the temple manages the affairs of the temple.

Sri Swaminathaswamy temple is built on an artificial hillock about sixty feet high in Swaminalai, the renowned place of pilgrimage in South India. This ancient shrine is said to have been built by the famous king Kartha Veeryarijuna. The main shrine is a specimen of old architecture while the rest are by recent renovations. The hill temple is provided with a flight of sixty stamps. The presiding deities are the life-style images of Moorage and Siva, the former imparting the divine message to the latter. A six feet high granite icon in a standing posture offering a spectacular view to devotees represents Sri Swaminathaswamy.

In the ground floor of the temple, there are separate shrines dedicated to Sri Sundareswarar and goddess Meenakshi. Of the major festivals, mention may be made of the six days Skandha Sashti, Valli Kalyanam and the ten-day Thirukarthigai, which attract thousands of devotees. The affairs of the temple are managed by and Executive Officer and Board of Trustees consisting of five members, all appointed by the Hindu Religious and Charitable Endowments Department. Sri Navaneetheswarar temple is in Sikkil, a railway station on the Thanjavur - Nagore line and on the bus route from Tiruvarur to Nagapattinam.

As Sambandar has sung in praise of Sri Navaneetheswarar, the temple can be presumed to be in existence since the 7th Century A.D. The temple was in a state of ruin towards the close of the last century and Sri Alagappa Chettiar of Thekkur of Ramnad district renovated it. There are eight stone inscriptions in the temple. Though, the presiding deity is Navaneetheswarar, the temple is more widely known as one of the seats of Lord Subrahmanya who is known as Singaravelavar. He is the processional deity.

There are numerous other deities including a Perumal who is installed in a separate sanctum. His name is Kola Vamanar. The temple covers an area of about 2 acres and maintains an orphanage where poor orphans are fed clothed and educated free of cost. A small hospital is also maintained for the benefit of those in the orphanage. Apart from Skanda Sashti, the other main festival is Brahmotsavam in Chithirai, which attacks thousands of devotees. An Executive Officer and three Trustees manage the temple.

Sri Rajagopalaswamy temple was constructed in the 12th century but the sanctum is believed to have been in existence earlier. The place is known as South Dwarka and Lord Krishna gave dharsan to two devotees, Gopralayar and Gopilar. Lord Krishna is said to have enacted before them all his 32 exploits from his birth to his becoming a charioteer of Arjuna. A Naik King of Thanjavur made extensive additions. It is one of the important Thengalai Vaishnavite shrines in South India, adopting Pancharatragama.

There are two sub-temples attached to the main temple, viz. Sri Gopralaya and Sri Lakshminarayana Perumal temple. The temple celebrates a number of festivals annually, of which the most important ones are Adipooram for 10 days, Ahyayana Uthsavam for 20 days in margazhi, Brahmothsavam for a period of 25 days during the months of Panguni and Chithirai and the floating festival in the month of Ani. These festivals attract a large number of devotees from the adjoining villages, towns and districts.

An Executive Officer and a Board of Trustees appointed by the Hindu Religious and Charitable Endowments Board manages the affairs of the temple. Sri Vedaranyaswamy temple dedicated the Lord Siva in Vedaranniyam was renovated by the Chola Rulers. Since both Appar and Sambandar have worshipped the Lord here, the temple should have been in existence prior to 7th century A.D. Sri Vedaranyaeswarar and His consort Sri Vedanayaki Amman are the presiding deities of the temple. It covers an area of 6 acres and has some 90 stone inscriptions. The temple is fashioned like the Tiruvarur temple and has two prakaras and a tower.

There are three mandapas in the temple precincts. The regular annual festivals observed in the temple are Brahmotsavam, 18 days theerthavari festival during Masimakham, Mahasivarathri, and Panguni Uthhiram, wedding of the Lord and His consort on the Sukla Sapthami day, Skandasashi (Surasamharam), Karthigai Deepam, Dhanur Pooja (Thiruvathirai), Poosam and Pongal. Of these, the 'Thirukalyana Utsavam' during the month of Chithirai is the most important one, which attracts a large congregation of devotees from the neighbouring villages, taluks and districts. An Executive Officer and a single hereditary trustee appointed by the Hindu Religious and Charitable Endowments Board are managing the affairs of the temple.

Nagapattinam - Temples

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